Automated Blood Counts and Differentials, 1998, wire, paper, and found objects, 13 x 16 x 2 inches
at 21C Museum Hotel, Lexington
June 24 - August 2019
With family heritage in Appalachia, New York-based Eric Rhein has gained international recognition as an artist whose work embodies themes of love, sexuality, and identity through his ever-evolving experience with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV.)This exhibition focuses on work taken from Rhein’s series of wire drawings of Leaves, which were created as memorials for friends, lovers, and public figures lost to HIV and AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Rhein originally conceived of the work during a residency at the MacDowell Artists Colony in 1996. At that time, he was discovering renewed vitality, due to the effectiveness of then-new HIV medications. As Rhein noted in 1998, “One by one, I picked up leaves until a host of kinsmen was gathered in my arms. In death, they continue to be the teachers that they were in life, generously sharing with me the gifts of their individual attributes.” Also on view are related photographs and wire sculptures that evoke spiritual and mystic readings of lineage, family, and healing, reflecting Rhein’s connections and understanding of the world around him.
Leaves honors individuals that Eric Rhein has known who have died of complications from AIDS: each is a personal tribute. Since its conception, Leaves has grown to include portraits of more than 300 individuals, reflecting the continuing loss of life due to HIV/AIDS. The artist intends this project Leaves to serve as a means of raising awareness and educating the public about the ongoing pandemic.
Raised in New York’s Hudson River Valley, and spending childhood summers in the Appalachian Mountains of Kentucky, Eric Rhein formed a deep affinity with nature, which continues to inspire his multidisciplinary artwork. Influenced by the luminous landscapes that inspired the Hudson River School, Rhein’s art forges an intimate metaphysical and transcendental connection between man and nature. Exploring this complex relationship, Rhein’s work features a vast personal iconography-shaped by the natural environment such as hummingbirds, leaves, deer and other organic forms. Through his powerful metaphorical imagery, Rhein examines the liminal spaces between life and death, the tangible and the ephemeral, and the known and ethereal.
Working in a wide range of mediums, including wire drawings, sculpture, photography, and delicate mixed media collage, he handles often salvaged materials with empathetic reverence. Rhein’s considered and intuitive use of repurposed objects is a hallmark of his work, frequently employing materials as varied as wire, plates and pages from vintage scientific journals, hardware, jewelry, crystals and other found objects. For Rhein, the act of giving such cast-offs a new life mirrors the artist’s own spiritual path.
Rhein addresses the universal aspects of the human condition—particularly its vulnerability, resilience, and possibilities for transcendence—as experienced after his diagnosis with HIV in 1987. With its explorations of eroticism, beauty and mortality, New York Times critic Holland Cotter writes that in Rhein’s work, “the combination of art and craft, delicacy and resiliency, feminine and masculine, is exquisitely wrought and is, as it should be, seductive but disturbing.”
A presence in Manhattan’s East Village since 1980, Rhein became a part of the neighborhood’s arts community, with artists such as Greer Lankton, Luis Frangella, David Wojnarowicz, Keith Haring, Robert Mapplethorpe, Peter Hujar, and Mark Morrisroe. As the community permanently altered the city’s cultural landscape, it was also profoundly devastated by HIV/AIDS. Through wire portraits, Rhein’s ongoing work Leaves honors individuals he knew who died of complications from AIDS. Initially 80 portraits at its conception in 1996, Leaves has now grown to over 250 portraits—an evolving, personal memorial to the overwhelming losses due to the pandemic.
Inspired by his uncle Elijah “Lige” Clarke (an early gay rights activist who, with his partner Jack Nichols, co-founded the first national gay weekly newspaper Gay, and the Washington Mattachine Society), Rhein relates to his art as a form of activism and healing.
Rhein received his BFA and MFA degrees through full scholarships at the School of Visual Arts, NY. His work has been exhibited internationally at venues such as: the Victoria and Albert Museum; The New Art Gallery, Walsall, England; the Pera Museum, Istanbul; American embassies in Austria, Cameroon, and Malta; the Addison Gallery of American Art; Lincoln Center; the Morris Museum, Morristown, NJ; the Islip Art Museum, NY; the Leslie-Lohman Museum of Gay and Lesbian Art; the Portland Museum of Art; the Smithsonian’s Traveling Exhibition for the Millennium; Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ; and Pavel Zoubok Gallery, New York, NY.